Rôles : Bombardier / Recce / EW
Équipage : Pilote et Officier d'armement
Année d'entrée en service dans l'AAF : 1989
Su-24 MK2 : 4ème Escadre d'Appui Pénétration (Laghouat Air Base); 274éme, 284ème et 294ème Escadron d'Appui Pénétration
Su-24 MRK2 : 5éme Escadre de Reconnaissance et de Guerre Électronique; 525 Escadron de Reconnaissance et de Guerre Électronique (Ain Ouessara Air Base)
Su-24 MPK2 : 5éme Escadre de Reconnaissance et de Guerre Électronique; 525 Escadron de Reconnaissance et de Guerre Électronique (Ain Ouessara Air Base)
Nombre : +40 Su-24MK2/ 4 Su-24MRK2 / 2 Su-24MKP
Su-24MK2 : Kilo X-ray - xx
Su-24MRK2 : Kilo Golf - xx
Su-24MPK : Kilo Yankee - xx
Vidéo Djeichouna (2011)
As the Russian Combat Air Force (VVS) is currently unable to purchase a significant quantity of new combat aircraft, several modernisation programs of existing equipment have been initiated during recent months. Although the Su-24 is one of the oldest attack aircraft in the air force inventory at 26 years, the 'Fencer' is still at the spearhead of the Russian air forces with around 450 aircraft in service with both the VVS and the AVMF. Besides reconnaissance Su-24MRs and electronic warfare Su-24MPs, the main attack version of the Frontal Aviation is the Su-24M 'Fencer-D' (exported as the Su-24MK).
Zhukovskiy-based Gefest & T and the Novosibirsk Aviation Production Association (NAPO) (named after Valery Chkalov) have been awarded the modernisation contract for the Su-24M and MK versions.
The new avionics, replacing older equipment, will rely on the new SV-24 computer that will control the new radar signal processing unit Obzor-RVB-T associated to the OR-TM cartography, radar and tactical situation MFD, the new KAI-24 HUD and the SRNS-24 radio navigation equipment, among others.
Thanks to technological progress, the replacement of older electronics means a saving of 270 kg. The technical personnel of the VVS are able to modify the aircraft on base, no particular conversion training is necessary, and the upgrade of the Su-24M to the Su-24M2 can be done in five days.
Thanks to its new equipment, the Su-24 has gained a real all-weather night and day capability. The precision of the navigation has been improved and the export models - some of them are on line with the VVS - can be equipped with either a GPS or its Russian GLOSNASS equivalent.
The range of weapons has been diversified and the export versions can carry foreign armaments. The new Obzor signal-processing unit allows a greater precision for target acquisition and at a greater distance. Toss bombing is now possible at five to eight kilometres from the target with an increased accuracy.
Survivability of the aircraft is consequently better and less aircraft are necessary to destroy the target.
The upgrade program includes a ground-based automated mission preparation and control unit, which reduces appreciably the time necessary for flight preparation and debriefing.
The 929.GLITs at Akhtubinsk and the 968.IISAP at Lipetsk are responsible for the test and certification program. SV-24 tests, which included live weapons shooting, were successfully passed at Lipetsk. Around the end of 2001, five Russian Su-24Ms and seven Algerian Su-24MKs had been upgraded.
Déploiement opérationnel (2007)